Gender-disaggregated data on female part-time employment in Greece
The English version of the eleventh e-bulletin of the Observatory of the General Secretariat for Gender Equality (GSGE), i.e. the governmental organization in charge of equality between women and men, has been uploaded on its website:
It deals with the thematic area of Women and Economy and statistical data is presented for the following indicators:
1) part-time employment as a percentage of total employment, by gender: the indicator is calculated as the ratio of part-time employment to the total employment rate
2) distribution of population working part-time by gender, economic activity and reason of part-time: the indicator is calculated as the quotient of the number of part-time employees by reason for working part-time and by economic activity towards all part-time employees.
Here is a comprehensive presentation of the main findings:
A. Part-time employment is defined as employment in which normal working hours are less than those of comparable full-time workers. The distinction between full-time and part-time work is based on the respondent’s spontaneous response to the question.
B. In a total of 374,300 persons working part-time, the percentage of women is 60.51% while that of men is 39.49%. That is, about 78,700 women more than men working part-time (difference of 21.03 percentage points).
C. Out of a total of 226,500 part-time women, 147,400 (65,07%) were unable to find full-time employment. Of these women, 59,200 (40.16%) belonged to the age group of 30 to 44 years and 47,700 (32.36%) belonged to the 45-64 age group. It is also noteworthy that part-time employment has been steadily rising since 2006. The increase is mainly due to the inability to find full-time employment and is more pronounced in the younger age group.
D. According to the Greek Single Social Security Body (EFKA) employment figures for December 2016, in joint ventures, part-time men represent 44.70% and part-time women 55.30%. In all joint ventures with part-time employees, the average wage is EUR 23.25 and the average salary is EUR 394.32. The average wage of women working part-time in joint ventures represents 97.39% of the corresponding average wage of men.
E. While women are paid less (22.83 €) on average than men (23.67 €), their average salary is higher. This is because they work longer hours (17.56) than men (16.36).
F. The majority of women working part-time are employed in the trade, catering and accommodation, and education sectors. It is also important to note that 37.6% of part-time women (85,200 women) have a secondary education diploma and only 2.7% of the total has a postgraduate degree.
It is noted that the GSGE is implementing a flagship project on service organisation for the integration, monitoring and evaluation of gender equality policies in all aspects of public sector action. The aim is to support the public administration and local authorities in the design, implementation and evaluation of policies with detailed data on equality issues.
The specialized website http://paratiritirio.isotita.gr/genqua_portal/ serves as a portal on useful data divided among the twelve priority areas of the Beijing Platform for Action (BPfA). The access is free and open to all Governmental and Non-Governmental Organizations and Institutions, as well as to all citizens and individuals. In that way, everyone can have accurate statistical background whenever he/she designs, implements or evaluates policies on gender equality aiming at the advancement of the status of women and girls in Greece.
Moreover, it is underlined that on page 40 at the 2015 Annual Report on Equality between Women and Men in the European Union (European Commission, March 2016, http://ec.europa.eu/justice/gender-equality/files/annual_reports/2016_annual_report_2015_web_en.pdf ) there has been a positive reference to the specific Greek project.
The e-bulletins take advantage of data derived from the Hellenic Statistical Authority (ELSTAT) as a follow-up of the activation of a Protocol of Cooperation between the General Secretariat for Gender Equality and ELSTAT, and they are also supported by lively graphs, diagrams and charts made solely by the employees of our organization.
Here is the list with the English version of the previous ten e-bulletins with gender-disaggregated data on the status of the female population in Greece:
– Women and Poverty (March 2016):
– Women in Decision-Making (May 2016):
– Women and Health (September 2016):
– Women and Economy (October 2016):
– Women and Armed Conflicts (December 2016):
– Women and Health (January 2017):
– Violence against Women (March 2017):
– Women and Health (April 2017):
– Girls and Education (July 2017):
– Women’s Education and Training (September 2017):
In that way, the gaps are revealed and all stakeholders are invited to common action in favour of substantive equality between women and men in all aspects of public and private life.